Carbohydrates A Nutrient

Sources – (carbohydrate content in food)

Food                                                              value in g/100g

Sugar                                                                         99.4

Rice                                                                            78.2

Jowar                                                                         72.6

Wheat                                                                        69

Rajma                                                                        60.6

Yam                                                                            26

Potato                                                                        22.4

 

Role of Dietary fiber

  • Fibers are commonly called roughages, bulk, and cellulose polysaccharides. • Normally found in fertiliser
  • this is often not digested by humans for the absence of an enzyme usually present within the herbivorous animal.
  • This acts as a laxative
  • The contraction of the gastrointestinal tract is stimulated by fibers.
  • Fiber increased water absorption, forming a bigger, softer stool that rapidly passes through the colon.
  • Soluble fibers bind bile acids & cholesterol & are beneficial to people stricken by heart diseases.
  • It reduced the triglyceride & glucose level within the blood.
  • it’s no calories.
  • It also beneficial to people on a weight reduction regime.
  • It helps in lowering glucose levels. 
  • Regular intake of fiber may prevent cancers of the colon & rectum. 
  • The fiber contained within the daily diet should be approximately 20 g/day is usually recommended by American Dietetic Association, National cancer institute suggested the upper limits as 35 g/day.

Sources – (carbohydrate content in food)

Food                value in g/100g

Sugar                  99.4                          

Rice                     78.2                          

Jowar                  72.6

Wheat                 69

Rajma                 60.6

Yam                     26

Potato                22.4

waffle, sweets, ice cream

Glycemic Index (GI)

The ability of carbohydrates to boost blood sugar is cited as Glycemic Index (GI).

Factors that affect the GI:

  • The fiber within the diet reduced the GI.
  • A high level of glucose increased GI level.
  • A high level of protein fat decreased GI level.

The glycemic index, glycaemic index, or GI is that the measurement of glucose (blood sugar) level increase from carbohydrate consumption. Foods raise glucose to varying levels. It estimates what proportion each gram of obtainable carbohydrate during a food raises a personality’s glucose level following consumption of the food, relative to consumption of pure glucose. Medium GI whole wheat products, basmati rice, grapes, sucrose, raisins, fruit juice, regular frozen dessert High GI staff of life, most white types of rice, corn flakes, glucose, maltose, maltodextrins, white potato, chapatti

As you will see from the figure below, meals containing carbohydrate-rich foods with a high glycemic index provides a more rapid rise in blood glucose than meals with a coffee glycemic index. High GI food areas are called “fast carbohydrates” while the term “slow carbohydrates” refers to foods with a coffee GI.

potatoes, vegetables, food

Like vitamins, minerals must be obtained through whole foods or high-quality supplements. Food is any substance consumed to supply nutritional support for the body. it is usually of plant or animal origin and contains essential nutrients, like carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals.

The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism’s cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth.

Importance of Food 

This hub importance of food gives you brief knowledge of food and its importance to our health and food essential for our body and provides you the menu for health building. Food plays an awfully vital role in maintaining proper health and helps within the prevention and cure of diseases. Good nutritive food makes healthy, but at the identical time, bad or unhealthy food gives rise to many diseases. Our cells, tissues, and everyone organs work properly only with nutritious food which we eat.

A poor diet can have an injurious impact on health, causing deficiency diseases like scurvy and kwashiorkor; health-threatening conditions like obesity and metabolic syndrome; and such common chronic systemic diseases as disorder, diabetes, and osteoporosis.

The maintenance and promotion of health are achieved through different combinations of physical, mental, and social well-being, together sometimes remarked because the “health triangle”. The WHO’s 1986 further stated that health isn’t just a state, but also “a resource for existence, not the target of living. Health may be a positive concept emphasizing social and private resources, furthermore as physical capacities.”

Generally, the context during which a personal life is of great importance for his health status and quality of life. it is increasingly recognized that health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society. consistent with the globe Health Organization, the most determinants of health include the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and therefore the person’s individual characteristics and behaviors. 

The English word “health” comes from the Anglo-Saxon word hale, meaning “wholeness, a being whole, sound or well,”. Two aspects to health Most people accept that health is divided into two broad aspects – physical and mental state.

Physical health for humans, physical health means good body health, which is healthy due to regular physical activity (exercise), good nutrition, and adequate rest. Another term for physical health is physical wellbeing. Physical wellbeing is defined as something someone can do by developing all health-related components of his/her lifestyle. Fitness reflects a human cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and body composition. 

Glycemic Index

Other contributors to physical wellbeing may include proper nutrition, bodyweight management, abstaining from substance abuse, avoiding alcoholic abuse, hygiene, and getting the correct amount of sleep. Mental health Mental health refers to people’s cognitive and emotional well-being. someone who enjoys good psychological state doesn’t have a upset. consistent with WHO, psychological state is “a state of well-being during which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can deal with the traditional stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and may make a contribution to his or her community“.

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