Water

A very important nutrient .75 to 80 percent of our total body is water. the overall humor is distributed among two major components

water, bottle, desire

Extracellular fluid – contain sodium

Intercellular fluid – contain potassium

Water is created of hydrogen & oxygen the ratio is 2:1

Sources visible & invisible water.

Visible water that we are able to see are- plain water, fruit juices, tea, milk, coffee, etc

Invisible water that’s inside the food s & metabolic water.

Function

  • Water quenched our thirst and is that the most refreshing & cooling of all liquids.
  • It may be a structural component of all cell
  • Water may be a medium within which all chemical action takes place
  • It is a vital component of all bodily fluid like blood, body fluid, bile, juice, urine.
  • It acts as a lubricant & helps us to swallowed food or digest food.
  • It acts as a solvent for the products of digestion & helps in transporting this product in numerous pare of body.
  • It regulates the vital sign.
  • It helps to throw the stuff from the body.
summer, sea, foam

Water balance

In a normal individual, the upkeep of water balance is archived by adjusting both water intake & excretion pro re nata. the most important inputs of water are –

  • Fluids that we consume beverages, including water reckoning on climatic condition & habits.
  • Different sorts of foods & fruits that we take a solid form.
  • Metabolic water.

Output or loss of water from the body

  • Renal loss – Kidneys excrete about 1-2 liter of water daily
  • Skin – The water loss from the skin is thru perspiration.
  • Intestine – atiny low quantity of water is generally lost in feces.
  • Lungs – The air expired from the lungs also contains water.
  • Sweat – It depends on the physical activity & status.
water intake and output

Dehydration – it’s defined as an excessive loss of body water. it’s going to occur thanks to inadequate intake of, or abnormal loss of body water or a mixture of both.

The symptoms of dehydration are

  • Thirst
  • Loss of appetite
  • Decreased urination
  • Nausea
  • Impaired temperature regulation
  • Muscular spasms
  • Increased rate

Symptoms of severe dehydration appear when Fluid levels fall by over 10 percent. A 20 percent loss of fluid from the body may be fatal.

A dehydrated person is sometimes managed by Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT). The WHO recommended ORS ( Oral Rehydration Salt ) that are to be dissolved in 1 liter of water & make an Oral Rehydration Solution & need to be finished within 24 hours. He can also take HAF.( Home Available Fluid)

Home Available Fluid – Normally we prepared in home 1 glass of water + 2 spoons filled with sugar + a pinch of salt + few drops of juice (lime juice contained potassium & salt contain sodium which helps to keep up the equilibriums among intracellular & body fluid .)

 

ORS (WHO) for 1 liter

 Content    (amount in gm)

Glucose                   20.0

common salt          3.5

baking soda            1.5

Kaochlor                    1.5

ORS (WHO) for 1 liter

 Content    (amount in gm)

Glucose                   20.0

common salt          3.5

baking soda            1.5

Kaochlor                    1.5

A minimum of +8 glasses of water is usually recommended daily. An excess amount of water causes edema. (Swelling of the skin).

Spread the love

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *